Workers Compensation - Washington

Tara Reck, Managing L&I Attorney at Reck Law PLLC - Workers' Compensation Attorneys

Month: October 2018

Finding attending physician can be a problem for injured workers

Did you know that many injured workers have difficulties obtaining an “attending physician” for their claims?


The role of attending physician (AP) is incredibly important. The AP certifies entitlement to benefits and makes treatment recommendations. APs also make appropriate referrals and their opinion is given special consideration.


While injured workers may choose their own AP,  those physicians must be in the Department’s Medical Provider Network (MPN). On top, the physician must be willing to see and treat the injured worker.


For older or more complicated claims this can be a significant issue. This week I worked with three injured workers whose APs retired or left the area. Some of them have been searching for a new AP for months, but providers aren’t willing to accept them. As a result my clients are receiving letters demanding that they identify a new AP. Moreover, they are receiving threats of termination of benefits if not certified by new AP.


For these injured workers it is a dire situation. There’s a reason members of the MPN don’t want to get involved in these cases. Those reasons should be identified and addressed! I’m disappointed that this issue isn’t more widely recognized and that no one is taking steps to ensure that injured workers can find willing attending physicians when needed.

Retraining injured workers in Washington State

If an injured worker cannot physically return to their job prior to the injury in Washington State, he or she can be retrained. I feel very conflict about retraining injured workers because, in my opinion, some of the cases we see are unrealistic.


Retraining has a cost cap and cannot take more than two years. We see good loyal workers with lifelong heavy labor work histories, relegated to desk jobs. While still grieving over the loss of a career and collapse of retirement dreams, they are enthusiastically presented with retraining plans for basic “clerical work”. Introduction to computers, basic keyboard typing, phone etiquette, intro to Microsoft software products, and so on.


The goal is entry level, minimum wage, clerical or office work. When the worker voices concerns or doubts, they are frequently brushed off and ignored. This week one client started a plan and failed, and was being presented with a new skeleton plan. The new plan includes terms of repeated classes on the assumption he would fail the first time around. Another client’s plan included one handed basic keyboarding. Does the term “hunt and peck” sound familiar?


I am supportive of retraining, but I cannot ignore the legitimate frustrations and fears my clients express. There must be a better solution. I am very grateful to live in a state that cares about its employees and labor force. However, I know I am not the only person feeling this conflict in the retraining process. These are people’s lives we are talking about. They cannot be taken lightly. How do we work together and find a better solution?

Everyone deserves justice…

This week I met with a prospective new client who was at an emotional breaking point. Her L&I workers compensation claim for benefits was rejected, but she has a significant medical condition and currently cannot work. Because her appeal of claim denial was already before the Board of Industrial Insurance Appeals, she had consulted with a number of attorneys that declined to get involved. She had an upcoming conference, and the Judge had given her an ultimatum to either obtain representation or prepare to present her case pro se. Or in plain English, to represent herself.


It was impossible for me to make any informed recommendations and I really don’t know whether there is a medical basis for the allowance of her claim. This is a very difficult spot for me to be in, because unlike many other cases, it is difficult to apply proper judgement. However, when I told her I’d come on board to help satisfy the ultimatum and conduct some discovery in order to better advise her about her chances of prevailing, she broke into tears.


It made me realize that she truly had no support network and that I was her last hope for getting some help to navigate this situation. She had no one to help. Can you believe that? How can we foster better support networks for injured workers or disabled people, and how do we promote better access to justice?

Sometimes I get to help change people’s lives…

I don’t normally post quick thoughts and comments on my blog. However, today I helped change an individual’s life after our office delivered him a big win, following years of fighting for his rights as an injured worker under the Industrial Insurance Act in Washington State.

What I do

For the record, I get questions about my job all the time. People ask me whether I see a lot of folks faking it or taking advantage of the system. And my answer is: Yes, sometimes I do come across those people, and I do my best to avoid representing them. However, as a Washington State Workers’ Compensation attorney, the vast majority of my clients are people who are fighting for benefits they should be provided under our Industrial Insurance Act based on premiums that have already been paid into the system.

Today’s story

To share today’s personal experience, note that I am not saying anything here that is not part of the public record at this point. Right now my associate is meeting with a client that was abruptly terminated from benefits a number of years ago. While we’ve been fighting through the slow moving legal process, the client became homeless and turned to street drugs to self medicate. Despite some serious preexisting problems, he was a successful union laborer before losing his only career to a significant injury.

A jury recently found that he should be provided with ALL of the years of back benefits and a pension going forward. Before he could accept these benefits, we had to help him get an ID (not necessarily easy for someone who has been homeless for over 4 years). Now that he has the ID, my associate will be taking him to the bank to open a new account so that he can apply for stable housing and get access to the medical treatment he needs. Today he walked into our office soaking wet, filthy and tired. His life is about to change. Now you know, this is why I do what I do. (Most, if not all of the credit goes to my new associate who took this case to a jury just a month after starting with us. However, we are all proud of what we collectively accomplished for this man over our years of representing him.)

We are here for injured workers in Washington State, and we do our best to help…

Washington State Workers Compensation System Struggles with Opioid Over-Prescription – Doctors’ Licenses Revoked

The Opioid Problem

The opioid epidemic isn’t a new one. It is a predicament faced by many communities around the United States and in the Pacific Northwest, and significantly impacts injured workers in Washington State. Recently Everett, WA has been making headlines because it has been associated with a devastating black market OxyContin drug ring with ties to Purdue Pharma, the maker of OxyContin.  This black market and related allegations have been covered in recent articles by both the LA Times (see Article I and Article II on this matter) and the Wall Street Journal.


This isn’t the start of Purdue Pharma’s problems related to its manufacture and sale of OxyContin.  In 2007 the maker and three executives pled guilty in federal court to criminal charges that they misled regulators, doctors and patients about the drug’s risk of addiction and its potential to be abused, and agreed to pay over $600M in fines. However, by 2010, it was too late.  Across the country, doctors had already been prescribing the powerful and highly addictive painkiller (related to Heroin) and many patients were already hooked.  OxyContin is just one, name brand variety of opioids prescribed primarily for pain.  Other common opioids include hydrocodone (e.g., Vicodin), oxycodone (e.g., OxyContin, Percocet), morphine (e.g., Kadian, Avinza), and codeine to name a few.  The fentanyl patch is another popular form of opioid medication that many patients aren’t even aware is an opioid.


Opioids in Washington State

As you can imagine, Washington State’s industrial insurance system, a system designed to provide treatment and other benefits to injured workers has been dramatically impacted by this epidemic. In 2006, when I first started practicing as a workers compensation attorney in Washington State, it was very common to see injured workers being prescribed protracted courses of opioids to treat pain.  This isn’t surprising, since Purdue Pharma had launched an aggressive campaign to convince providers that OxyContin was specially formulated to pose a lower threat of abuse and addiction to patients than other opioid formulations.


To its credit, the Department of Labor and Industries detected a surge in death rates for injured workers being prescribed these opioids and it began taking action to research and address the problem. In fact the Department received a grant from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to assess the effects and impacts of the Agency Medical Directors’ Opioid Dosing Guidelines.  Medical Director, Dr. Gary Franklin led this effort.  The team has published a number of peer reviewed articles on point and has used its research to develop guidelines for the prescription of opioids under the Industrial Insurance Act. According to Dr. Franklin, the 2007 publication of their “Agency Medical Directors’ Opioid Dosing Guidelines” was the first of its kind published in the entire country and established a 120 milligram daily cap for the medication.  Since then, the guidelines were updated in 2010 and 2013, but the 120 milligram cap remained.


Oversight and Prevention

In January 2013, the Department of Labor and Industries launched a statewide network for providers who treat injured workers, referred to as the Medical Provider Network (MPN). The MPN is part of legislation passed in 2011.  In order for providers to treat injured workers and be compensated by the Department for that treatment, the provider must be a member of the MPN.  Members of the MPN are required to follow “best practices” including opioid prescription guidelines.  Providers found to be non-compliant may be denied MPN membership or have their MPN status revoked.  Additionally the Washington State Medical Commission oversees medical care to ensure that the required standard of care is not violated.  In July 2016, Dr. Frank Li, a well-known pain management doctor and director of Seattle Pain Centers, who treated many injured workers under the Industrial Insurance Act had his license revoked by the Washington State Medical Commission for failing to properly monitor prescription use of powerful opiates. This crack-down story was extensively covered by the Seattle Times. Furthermore, according to a follow-up coverage by the Seattle Times:

“As many as 20 health-care providers who worked for Seattle Pain Centers have been suspended from the state Labor & Industries department network, which authorizes treatment for workers’ compensation claims.”


The Challenge

As a workers compensation attorney representing clients that suffer from the opioid problem, this recent development has left a large number of injured workers without an active attending physician on their claim.  Unfortunately, this puts the injured worker in a very difficult position.  Many of these individuals are actively being prescribed opioid pain medications, making them unattractive patients to other providers because of the likelihood of opioid addiction.  Fortunately, in addition to the dosage guidelines, the Department of Labor and Industries’ treatment guidelines provide guidance for Department approved opioid detoxification.

In simple terms, there are three options:  (1) a gradual tapering under the direction of the attending physician, (2) a short (3-5 day) in-patient detoxification followed by complete weaning over the course of an out-patient pain management program, or (3) if the addiction rises to the level of a mental health diagnosis, up to six months of treatment in a licensed chemical dependency treatment center may be authorized.


Personal Experience and Reality

Unfortunately, detoxification for individuals with a chronic addiction is not as simple as these three options make it appear.  These injured workers are truly and deeply addicted to these prescription medications.  In just the last year I have encountered clients on as high as an 800 milligram morphine-equivalent daily dosage of opioid pain medication, clients who have had complete psychotic breakdowns during the course of the in-patient detoxification program, clients who have been cut-off opioid pain medications without warning or weaning who have turned to black market or street drugs to avoid the unpleasant withdrawal symptoms, clients who have relapsed after completing the in-patient detoxification program, at least one client who unexpectedly died in his sleep while taking high dosages of opioid medications, and countless clients who refuse to acknowledge the addicting effects of the medication they are taking.  Make no mistake about it, these clients are often difficult to work with and, I suspect, equally difficult patients to treat.


Future Outlook

There are no easy solutions here.  Most injured workers are doing their best to follow medical advice and heal from their injuries and conditions, most medical providers are doing their best to treat patients while following best practices and medical guidelines, and the Department of Labor and Industries is doing its best to develop policies and regulations to limit the negative effects of opioid pain management.  Still the epidemic rages on.  From blue collar towns like Everett to big cities; our country continues to grapple with the mess opioid addiction leaves in its wake.

If you or someone you know is a Washington State injured worker addicted to opioid pain medications, obtaining authorization for treatment to help overcome the addiction is possible under the Industrial Insurance Act.  Talk to the doctor, claims manger or consult with an experienced attorney and obtain the help needed.  There are no easy solutions, but one person and one step at a time; we can overcome this opioid epidemic.


Additional resources: L&I Medical Provider Network website

Workers Compensation Lawyers and the Access to Justice Problem for Injured Workers


As a workers comp lawyer representing injured workers, one thing I find extremely disconcerting is the fact that individuals that suffer an injury at work often face major difficulties when deciding whether to retain representation to fight for benefits they are entitled to under the Industrial Insurance Act. The work that attorneys perform while representing injured workers is often complicated and time-consuming. Therefore, it is not surprising that the attorney’s fees associated with this representation reflect the challenges of work being performed. However, the result is that injured workers often find themselves fighting an uphill battle frequently compromised by access to justice issues linked to financial constraints. These financial constraints are not solely due to attorney’s fees. Other constraints include, but aren’t limited to, costs of litigation and reduced earning capacity while injured.



First, if it comes to retaining legal representation, the Department of Labor and Industries is guaranteed representation by the Attorney General’s office and self-insured employers hire private counsel paid on an hourly fee basis. For workers compensation attorneys representing injured workers, the fee structure is contingent upon securing monetary benefits, meaning attorneys don’t get paid for the hours spent fighting for things like treatment authorizations or causal relationship of conditions. While important to injured workers, those benefits are not issued in monetary warrants or checks like time-loss compensation, permanent partial disability awards, and pensions are. Therefore, no contingent fee percentage can be charged for the time spent securing these kinds of benefits. What this means is that if an injured worker needs to retain representation to fight an issue like treatment or causal relationship of a medical condition, that injured worker must find a workers comp attorney willing to take the case and litigate it without any assurance of ever being compensated for the work performed. Attorneys that represent people injured at work have long argued that this represents a significant access to justice issue, but this argument has largely been ignored by the legislature.


Another difficulty faced by injured workers is the expense of litigation. Claims managers for the Department of Labor and Industries and self-insured employers cannot authorize treatment or casually relate a condition without medical support. However, often the claims managers want more specific information or completely overlook supportive medical opinions from treating providers. If an injured worker pushes the issue beyond the administrative level to the Board of Industrial Insurance Appeals to resolve a dispute that arises, the injured worker has the burden of presenting medical testimony to prove the need for treatment or causal relationship of the condition. For an injured worker earning only a small percentage of his or her pre-injury wages in time-loss compensation, securing supportive medical opinions are often cost prohibitive.


For example, a local orthopedic group, OPA Ortho charges $1,000 per hour for one of their medical providers to give testimony, even if the attorney travels to the doctor’s office. That hourly rate does not include the time the doctor spends reviewing their own chart notes to prepare for the deposition testimony. Imagine being injured, unable to work, and being told that in order to secure the treatment you need, your attorney will have to take testimony from your treating doctor and it will cost you a minimum of $1,000! On the flip-side, the Department and Self-Insured Employers seem very willing to pay out significant costs in order to obtain medical opinions that support their opinions.


Independent Medical Examiners

When the Department or a Self-Insurer wants medical evidence to support their opinion, they request an Independent Medical Examination or IME. IMEs are one-time evaluations performed by an evaluator that is not a treating physician. Despite clear case law to the contrary, the Department and Self-Insurers often take the opinions of the IMEs over the opinions of treating providers.

IMEs are a big business in the State of Washington. A public records request revealed that in a single year, 2014, the Department of Labor and Industries (L&I) paid out $18,272,904.94 in IME fees alone. That’s over $18M in fees paid by L&I, and this number does not include the fees paid out by Self-Insured employers. The sheer magnitude of costs associated with obtaining and presenting required medical testimony often prices injured workers out of the ability to push for the benefits they are otherwise entitled to under the Industrial Insurance Act.


Additional Considerations

For litigation before the Board, there is no fee shifting statute. That means each party is responsible for their own attorney’s fees and costs associated with litigation. A successful outcome before the Board of Industrial Insurance Appeals does not result in reimbursement of the costs and fees associated with obtaining the favorable outcome. However, if the matter goes up on appeal to the superior or appellate court from the decision and order of the Board, and the injured worker secures additional benefits or retains the right to benefits then costs and a reasonable fee for the services of the worker’s or beneficiary’s attorney shall be fixed by the court pursuant to RCW 51.52.130:

In the case of self-insured employers, the attorney fees fixed by the court, for services before the court only, and the fees of medical and other witnesses and the costs shall be payable directly by the self-insured employer.

Often, this simple fee shifting statute is viewed as an equalizer in workers compensation, giving incentive to attorneys representing injured workers to pursue difficult or challenging cases with no fee generating issues and acting as a deterrent from potentially meritless appeals as the Department or self-insured employer would ultimately be saddled with their own attorney fees plus the often costly hourly rates of the injured workers’ attorney in the event of a successful outcome for the injured worker. I assumed it was because of this statute that we rarely saw appeals from self-insured employers. However, this no longer seems to be the case. All four of the appeals I litigated at the Superior Court level in the past year have involved self-insured employer appeals.


Personal Experience

For example, I recently represented an injured worker who developed a complicated kidney condition secondary to his original industrial injury. This condition destroyed his kidneys and necessitated a lifesaving kidney transplant. At the administrative level, this kidney condition was accepted so that treatment would be provided under the claim. The self-insured employer disagreed with the determination and appealed it to the Board. Litigation before the Board required the presentation of lay witnesses, as well as competing testimony from two expert nephrologists, a specialty not usually seen in workers’ compensation cases. It was essential for this injured worker to be adequately represented at the Board level, but proving that the Department was correct in accepting the kidney condition would result in no fee generating benefits.


Therefore, the hours of representation required to secure the ultimately favorable Board decision were not compensable, but did enable the injured worker to obtain the lifesaving surgery. Even after the surgery had been performed, the self-insured employer appealed the Board’s determination to Superior Court. Again the injured worker required representation, without any assurance of compensation for the hours spent defending the Board’s decision at Superior Court. After three days of trial, a six person jury reached a verdict affirming the Board’s decision that the kidney condition should be accepted under the industrial injury. As a result the self-insured employer has agreed to pay our attorneys’ fees, an amount just over $20,000.


In this case our office firmly believed in our chances of securing a favorable outcome for the injured worker and was willing to accept the risks associated with representation. However, it goes without saying that some injured workers cannot find attorneys willing to take on the risks associated with appeals. These injured workers must either represent themselves pro se or give up the fight all together.

Why We Fight for Injured Workers? Because Workers’ Compensation Coverage is Vital to the Health of Our Labor Market and Economy (Roosevelt, 1905)

History of Workers’ Compensation Law

To understand the modern concept of workers’ comp coverage and the serious threat being posed by legislation like Oklahoma’s recently overturned Opt Out Act, you must first understand the origination of workers’ comp coverage in America. While there was likely a demand for workers’ compensation coverage prior to the Industrial Revolution, the developments made during the mid-1800’s created a labor market with new and increased risks to laborers, since the work environment was riddled with new health risks. In this new labor market laborers found themselves with injuries that were expensive and often resulted in long lasting employment limitations.

A precursor to the American workers’ comp system is the 1884 worker’s compensation legislation that was enacted in Germany, which eliminated government subsidies for workers’ compensation and placed the entire burden on employers. Of this system, the German chancellor at the time, Otto Von Bismarck was quoted to have said:

“The real grievance of the worker is the insecurity of his existence; he is not sure that he will always have work, he is not sure that he will always be healthy, and he foresees that he will one day be old and unfit to work. If he falls into poverty, even if only through a prolonged illness, he is then completely helpless, left to his own devices, and society does not currently recognize any real obligation towards him beyond the usual help for the poor, even if he has been working all the time ever so faithfully and diligently. The usual help for the poor, however, leaves a lot to be desired, especially in large cities, where it is very much worse than in the country.”


Setting the Foundation for Workers’ Comp in America

Over time the German law has been modified and updated. In America, the development of our modern workers’ compensation statutes was cultivated during the presidential tenure of Theodore Roosevelt. Roosevelt was passionate about workers’ compensation coverage in an era that was plagued with workplace injuries, most especially related to railway operations. To this end, Roosevelt is known for his association with legislation commonly referred to as the “Square Deal”.

On April 5, 1905, Roosevelt delivered an address in which he stated:

“It has been our profound good fortune as a nation that hitherto, disregarding exceptional periods of depression and the normal and inevitable fluctuations, there has been on the whole from the beginning of our government to the present day a progressive betterment alike in the condition of the tiller of the soil and in the condition of the man who, by his manual skill and labor, supports himself and his family, and endeavors to bring up his children so that they may be at least as well off as, and, if possible, better off than, he himself has been.”

“It is all-essential to the continuance of our healthy national life that we should recognize this community of interest among our people. The welfare of each of us is dependent fundamentally upon the welfare of all of us, and therefore in public life that man is the best representative of each of us who seeks to do good to each by doing good to all; in other words, whose endeavor it is not to represent any special class and promote merely that class’s selfish interests, but to represent all true and honest men of all sections and all classes and to work for their interests by working for our common country.”

“The good citizen is the man who, whatever his wealth or his poverty, strives manfully to do his duty to himself, to his family, to his neighbor, to the States; who is incapable of the baseness which manifests itself either in arrogance or in envy, but who while demanding justice for himself is no less scrupulous to do justice to others. It is because the average American citizen, rich or poor, is of just this type that we have cause for our profound faith in the future of the Republic.”

“Among ourselves we differ in many qualities of body, head, and heart; we are unequally developed, mentally as well as physically. But each of us has the right to ask that he shall be protected from wrongdoing as he does his work and carries his burden through life. No man needs sympathy because he has to work, because he has a burden to carry. Far and away the best prize that life offers is the chance to work hard at work worth doing; and this is a prize open to every man, for there can be no better worth doing than that done to keep in health and comfort and with reasonable advantages those immediately dependent upon the husband, the father, or the son.”


Risks and Threats to Injured Workers

Obviously, much has changed about our workforce and labor market since 1905, but one thing still remains:

“Far and away the best prize that life offers is the chance to work hard at work worth doing.”

These kinds of sentiments gave rise to workers’ compensation laws enacted federally and state by state. In recent years, those laws have been gradually eroded and the concept of the Opt-Out Plan arose. Most significantly laws enacted in both Oklahoma and Texas allow employers to opt out of workers’ comp coverage and develop their own workplace injury plans. The problem is that these employer-developed plans seem to cover less, exercise greater control over access to care, limit benefits, and sometimes even mandate settlements.

Even more concerning is the fact that while these employer-created plans appear to violate the law, there is little or no legal remedy to those adversely impacted. However, that all seems to be changing with a recent Supreme Court Decision in Oklahoma that ruled the State’s Opt Out Act unconstitutional. As a result, Texas is the only remaining state with an active opt out law in effect.


Workers’ Compensation in the State of Washington

The arguments from businesses and employers that they should have increased control over workers’ comp coverage is an argument worth hearing and a dialogue worth having. However, we must not and cannot forget what Roosevelt said 100 years ago is still true today:

“The health and wellness of our labor market is vital to the health and wellness of our economy. Laborers injured in the course of employment that are not provided with the tools and opportunity to recover and return to gainful employment become a burden to themselves and society at large.”


To this end, the State of Washington should be commended for the programs established by the Washington State Department of Labor and Industries, which were recently recognized internationally for statistical successfulness in returning injured workers to work. As an attorney representing injured workers in Washington State, I know there is still work to be done to improve our system, but it feels great to be in a state with such successful and positive workers’ compensation legislation in effect.

Someone Always Pays: Obamacare and Health Insurance Coverage for Injured Workers in Washington State

This is not a political post. The purpose of this article it to share my personal experience as to how the Affordable Care Act (a.k.a. The ACA or Obamacare) affected the lives of some of my clients. Given recent political developments, especially as they relate to healthcare coverage, I felt that I should write about my observations over the years and the current state of health insurance affairs.

The Enactment of the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare)

To be perfectly honest, at first I didn’t know what to think or how to feel about the creation of the Affordable Care Act. On the one hand I was happy for the people who, for the first time in years, finally had access to the very most basic healthcare they so desperately needed. On the other hand, I felt sad for the people who rarely use or need access to healthcare being forced to pay for coverage or whose coverage was becoming significantly more expensive. What was a tremendous blessing to some was a significant burden to others, and it began to rip our society apart. Those who were burdened became resentful to those receiving low or no cost healthcare, feeling that these people were receiving a hand-out or an entitlement that wasn’t earned and that was being paid for on the backs of the hardworking middle class. Those who finally had access to the healthcare they so desperately needed became resentful towards the folks who opposed the plan, feeling that they were valuing the contents of their pocketbooks over the legitimate health needs of another human being.

Gradually I came to appreciate the ACA because I could see the tangible and positive effects of the legislation in my work on a daily basis. In the workers’ compensation setting in Washington State, when an individual is so catastrophically injured that he or she cannot work, the injured worker is provided with time loss compensation equivalent to 60% of the salary the person was making at the time of injury (for a single person with no dependents). Injured workers often received health coverage while working. However, upon becoming unable to work because of their injuries, these injured workers lost their general health coverage. Sure, the medical care they needed for their workplace injuries was covered by industrial insurance, but things like asthma medications, blood pressure medications, diabetes medications, anti-seizure medications, and anti-rejections medications for prior transplanted organs were not covered. Upon losing coverage associated with employment, most of these people could not afford the costs of health coverage like COBRA or private insurance. Even worse, these people could be denied access to new coverage on the basis of pre-existing conditions.

Real-life Example Prior to the Affordable Care Act

First, imagine this pre ACA scenario: As a result of a major illness when you were thirty years old, you had to undergo a kidney transplant. For the remainder of your life you must take medication to prevent your body from rejecting the transplanted organ. The cost of that medication is more than $1000 per month but because you were a blue collar worker, your insurance covered the cost of the medication. You obtained the transplant, got better, and went on with your life. However, when you were 45 years old with two children, you were catastrophically injured at work. As result you lost your job and your access to healthcare and you couldn’t purchase private insurance because no insurance company would accept your pre-existing health condition. You needed the medication or you would die, so you paid for the medication out of pocket but you really couldn’t afford it.

As a result you lost your home to foreclosure, your wife left you and you lost custody of your children because the court didn’t feel you could adequately take care of them. You became depressed but couldn’t afford treatment or medication for the depression. You began to collect food stamps from the Department of Social and Health Services (DSHS), started living in a tent, and turned to street drugs to numb the pain and misery. Eventually your attorney convinced the Department of Labor and Industries (L&I) to accept responsibility for your depression so that industrial insurance would at least cover the cost of seeing a psychiatrist and getting medication. However, your ability to recover from your catastrophic workplace injury was severely, negatively impacted, and you ended up being placed on a pension, receiving that 60% salary for the remainder of your life.

Someone always pays

In this scenario the worker pays, the worker’s family pays, the state aid administration (in WA – DSHS) pays, L&I pays, hospitals and doctors office pay when bills aren’t, and ultimately tax payers pay so that all of the services like the Court system, DSHS and L&I can intervene. It is also highly likely that the individual would have applied and been approved for Social Security Disability benefits, placing a further drain on that system. Society pays through increased taxation to fund the administrations to intervene to provide other services in the absence of health coverage.

The Same Example Under the Affordable Care Act

Now the same scenario post ACA: When you were catastrophically injured and lost your job, you lost the health coverage you had while working. However, under the ACA you were able to shop the marketplace and purchase low or no-cost health coverage for you and your family. You couldn’t be turned away for your pre-existing kidney condition. Your new insurance wouldn’t cover the same anti-rejection medication but would cover a less-expensive medication. It caused side effects and wasn’t your doctor’s top choice but it was covered and it kept you alive.

The money was still tight and you lost your house to foreclosure. Your wife asked for a divorce but you maintained split custody of your kids. Eventually you recovered enough from your injury that you were retrained and you returned to sedentary work in an office setting. However, you never collected food stamps and you never left a hospital or doctor’s office hanging with a bill you couldn’t pay. You never applied for Social Security Disability benefits because you were determined to return to work.

Somebody always pays

In this scenario the worker pays, the worker’s family pays, L&I pays for the work related injuries and retraining, the new insurance pays for the non-industrially related healthcare needs, and all of society pays through mandatory insurance coverage and associated premiums.

Concluding Thoughts and Personal Notes

The bottom line is that in America we value life and we pride ourselves on having the best healthcare options in the world. However, options are not really options if they are not accessible. The ACA fixed the accessibility issue at a very identifiable cost to the middle class. With the dismantling of the ACA, it seems accessibility will become an issue once again and there will still be an extreme cost to society, the difference is that it will not be as identifiable. Administrations like DSHS, L&I and even local government groups like police departments will start expending additional resources to meet the needs of uninsured individuals. Eventually the middle class will feel the monetary impact in increased taxation; it simply will not be as easily identifiable as a new or increased insurance premium was.

Anyone who has ever talked with me for long knows I am ever the optimist. I believe there must be a better solution. I would have to agree that the ACA was clearly not the most ideal solution but I don’t necessarily fault the Obama Administration for that. In the face of what people seemed to universally agree was a health crisis, I believe our elected officials had an opportunity to come together and create a plan that would work. Instead they decided to bicker and hold party lines (both Democrats and Republicans) to such an extreme that it permanently damaged the ACA. In short the ACA was set up to fail. Nothing about the current election cycle changes that. The other thing that hasn’t changed is the simple fact that someone always pays.